Media Information

 
 
 
Collection name:
[NY] - A Art Paintings Etchings Engravings, Etc.
Record:
Title:
A64-114; Print, bookplate, George Washington
Description:
George Washington, April 2, 1754; military uniform; image representing Washington's failed mission to defend Ohio from the French.
Artifact Date and Number:
1900s, mid; A64-114
Accession Date:
1942
Manufacture Time Period:
MTP6 (1901-1950)
Accession Time Period:
ATP4 (1926-1950)
Not Masonic:
NonMasonic
Card Number:
1487
Nomenclature Term:
Print; Bookplate
Measurements in cm:
L: 21.9 W: 17.5
Materials:
Paper; ink (black; multi-color)
Symbols:
Flag
Artifact Other:
Below image is printed: "Off to the Front, April 2, 1754 - p. 25."
Artifact Manufacturer or Artist:
Artist unknown
Associated Names:
Richard Corbin; Joshua Fry; William Trent; Peter Hog; Jacob van Braam (Vanbraam); Half-King Tanacharisson; Brother Bucks; Scruneyattha; Conotocarious; John Washington; King George; Captain Mackay; Robert Dinwiddie
Owner or Subject:
Subject: George Washington
Owner or Subject Lodge Name Number Location and State:
Fredericksburg Lodge No. 4; Fredericksburg; VA
Owner or Subject Royal Arch Chapter Name and Number:
RoyalArch; Believed to have been a Royal Arch Mason.
Owner or subject Date Born:
1732, February 22; (1732, February 11; old calendar; The different dates reflect the fact that England did not adopt the Gregorian calendar until 1752. Much of Europe had already adopted the Gregorian calendar in the 1500-s, the rest slowly changing over. When adopted in England, riots broke out because of the days lost changing from the Julian calendar.)
Owner or subject Date Raised:
1753, August 4
Owner or subject Date Died:
1799, December 14
Owner or Subject Other:
George Washington was the first President of the United States (1789-1797), and Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War (1775-1781). He served as Master of the Fredericksburg Lodge from 1788 until his death in 1799. He was Initiated as an Entered Apprentice on November 4th, 1752, Passed the Fellowcraft degree on March 3, 1753 and was Raised as a Master Mason on August 4, 1753. In April of 1754, Washington led troops to the Ohio River Valley to try to defend the region from French settlement.
Owner or Subject Other 2:
WASHINGTON'S UNSUCCESSFUL 1754 MISSION TO DEFEND OHIO FROM FRENCH SETTLERS: Shortly after returning from his trip in 1753 to warn the French not to continue settling in the Ohio River Valley, he wrote to Richard Corbin, a member of the Governor's Council in Virginia; "In a conversation with you at Green Spring, you gave me some hope for a commission above that of Major." One month later, March 20, 1754, he received a Lieutenant Colonel's commission. On March 31, he wrote, "On the 31st March I received from his Honour a Lieutenant Colonel's Commission of the Virginia Regiment whereof Joshua Fry, Esquire, was Colonel, dated the 15th, with Orders to take to troops, which were at that time quartered at Alexandria under my command, and to march with them towards the Ohio, there to aid Captain Trent in building Forts, and in defending the possessions of his Majesty against the attempts and hostilities of the French."
Owner or Subject Other 3:
On April 2, 1754, he wrote, "Every Thing being ready, we began our march according to our Orders, the second of April, with two Companies of Foot, commanded by Captain Peter Hog, and Lieutenant Jacob Vanbraam (van Braam), five subalterns, two Sergeants, six Corporals, one Drummer, and one hundred and twenty soldiers, one Surgeon, one Swedish Gentleman, who was a volunteer, two wagons, guarded by one Lieutenant, Sergeant, Corporal and twenty-five Soldiers. On April 23, 1754, he met again with the Native American chiefs in the area, and gave them the following speech:
Owner or Subject Other 4:
WASHINGTON'S SPEECH: "To the Half-King (Tanacharisson), and the Chiefs and Warriors of the Shawanese and Loups our Friends and Brethren. I received your speech by Brother Bucks who came to us with the two young men six days after their departure from you. We return you our greatest thanks and our hearts burn with love and affection towards you, in gratitude for your steadfast attachment to us, as also your friendly speech, and your wise counsels. This young man will inform you where he found a small part of our army, making towards you, clearing the roads for a great number of our warriors, who are ready to follow us, with our great guns, our ammunition and provisions. I cannot delay letting you know the thoughts of our hearts, I send you back this young man, with this speech, to acquaint you therewith, and the other young man I have sent to the Governor of Virginia , to deliver him your speech and your wampum, and to be an eyewitness of the preparations we are making, to come in all hast to assist you, whose interest is as dear to us as our lives. We know the character of the treacherous French, and our conduct shall plainly show you how much we have it at heart. I shall not be satisfied if I do not see you before all our forces are met together at the Fort which is in our way, wherefore, I desire with the greatest earnestness, that you and Scruneyattha, or one of you, should come as soon as possible to meet us on the road, and to assist us in council. To assure you of the sincerity of my speech, and of the good will we bear you, I present you with these strings of Wampum, that you may remember how much I am your Friend and Brother. Signed George Washington Conotocarious (This was the name the Indians had given first to his great-grandfather, John Washington, the emigrant who had been a colonel in the Virginia militia. It meant 'devourer of villages', and George fell heir to the title when he first became known to the Indians.) This speech, along with others was originally printed in French, putting the French position in a good light, and when Washington saw the translation of what had been attributed to him, denied many of the statements that were attributed to him.
Owner or Subject Other 5:
Two days later, Washington learned that the English fort on the Monongahela was surrendered to "a body of French, consisting of upwards of one thousand men, who came from Venango with eighteen pieces of cannon, sixty batteaux (boats) and three hundred canoes." From the very beginning, this expedition of Washington's was ill-equipped, and between April 25 and October 23, Washington sent numerous letter-s to different people outlining the problems of the troops he was leading; lack of provisions, lack of weapons, lack of men and lack of appropriate pay. Given the small numbers of his men compared to the French forces, those Native Americans who were initially on his side, eventually left. Additionally, he wrote on May 9, "The French down the River are sending presents and invitations to all the neighboring Indians, and practising (sic) every means to influence them in their Interest...I have not above one hundred sixty Effective Men with me..." Not only were the numbers of men with him small, but they grew increasingly unhappy due to the lower pay they were receiving compared to other soldiers of the Royal army, such that Washington wrote on May 18, "Giving up my commission is quite contrary to my intention...but to be slaving dangerously for the shadow of pay, through woods, rocks, mountains, - I would rather prefer the great toil of a daily laborer...than serve upon such ignoble terms; for I really do not see why the lives of his Majesty's subjects in Virginia should be of less value, than those in other parts of his American dominions; especially when it is well known, that we must undergo double their hardship." As an Officer, he said he would "rather that his Services may be voluntary, rather than on the present Pay.", (May 29).
Owner or Subject Other 6:
On May 27, the first bloodshed occurred, when Washington routed a French group that was located by the Half-King. The group put forward that they had come as Embassadors (sic), which Washington was scornful of, as they had been hiding for days close by, and their camp had been located by following two of their scouts, or spies as Washington termed them. Washington again nearly escaped death, and wrote, "I fortunately escaped without any wound, for the right wing, where I stood, was exposed to and received all the enemy's fire, and it was the part where the man was killed and the rest wounded. I heard the bullets whistle, and believe me, there is something charming in the sound." Apparently when King George heard him call that sound charming, he said, "He would not say so, if he had been used to hear many." By June 3, Washington and his men had completed a small palisaded Fort. Early in June, another Regiment arrived, under the command of Captain Mackay. Washington was sent notice that he was to take command of this group as well, at which Captain Mackay balked, believing that Robert Dinwiddie had not the power to give commissions that would command him. Captain Mackay, following on the roads that Washington's forces had made on their way through the wilderness, did not bring the expected cannons and the much needed weaponry and provisions. June 21 brought the desertion of the Native American tribes, who could see that the French forces were much the stronger. By August 11, Washington was ordered to go to Will's Creek and get the French out of their Fort their, of which he said, "both of which, with our means, are morally impossible." He brought to the Governor's attention that the winter was coming, there were no provisions to see the depleted Regiment through the winter, and, "the Soldiers are deserting constantly." By October 23, Washington had effected a retreat and was back in Williamsburg, where in response to accolades by the government for their service, he wrote to the Speaker of the House of Burgesses, "Nothing could have given me, and the Officers under my command, greater satisfaction, than to have received the thanks of the House of Burgesses, in so particular and honourable a manner, for our Behaviour in the late unsuccessful Engagement with the French at the Great Meadows...."
Donor:
Charles Looney; Right Worshipful
Donor Lodge Name Number Location and State:
Duke of Clarence Lodge No. 171; Dublin; Ireland
Donor Royal Arch Chapter Name and Number:
RoyalArch; Israel Chapter No. 126; Past High Priest
Donor Affiliated Lodge Name Number Location and State:
Continental Lodge No. 287; New York; NY
Donor Grand Lodge Office and Year:
GrandLodge-Office; Grand Steward; 1908; 1909
Donor Date Born:
1865
Donor Date Raised:
1898, January 19
Donor Date Died:
1937, March 24
Donor Other:
Master of Continental Lodge No. 287 in 1905, 1906 and 1928. Served as Chaplain of the Lodge in 1918. Upon Right Worshipful Charles Looney's death, his wife Mrs. Ida M. Looney created the Charles Looney Memorial Collection by donating a large number of artifacts he had accumulated. She then actively continued to find new artifacts, adding them to the Collection. She donated a large amount of medals, bookplates, engravings, letter-s and memorabilia in 1942, and continued donating pieces until her death on March 6, 1958.
See Biography Page:
George Washington
Condition:
2
Details:
From the Charles Looney Engraving Collection; Thin paper with image showing George Washington leaving Alexandria; image shows Washington wearing a blue coat while riding on a white horse, facing forward with head turned to the right, behind are troops with two drummers at the front, an English flag waving in the midst of the troops, townspeople cheering on the left, a building behind all.
Display:
No
Storage Location:
CLEC
No Further Data:
X
References:
Fitzpatrick, John C., editor, The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sourced 1745-1799, Volume 1, 1745-1756, United States Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1931; Fitzpatrick, John C., George Washington, Colonial Traveller (sic), 1732-1775, The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis, 1927
Photography Information:
Scanner: Minolta PS 7000; Editing: Adobe Photoshop; Scanned by: Catherine M. Walter; Image, Data and Research: Courtesy of the Chancellor Robert R Livingston Masonic Library of Grand Lodge, New York
Date created:
12/21/05
Date modified:
10/1/12
Filename:
204.jpg

A64-114; Print, bookplate, George Washington