Media Information

Collection name:
[NY] - Biographical Sketches
Name and Title :
1827-1902; Josiah Hayden Drummond; Most Worshipful
Description :
Josiah H. Drummond served as Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Maine, as the General Grand High Priest of the General Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons, as the General Grand Master of the General Grand Council of Royal and Select Masters and as the Sovereign Grand Commander of the Scottish Rite, Northern Jurisdiction.
Political Office :
Congressman and Speaker of the House, State Legislature of Maine; 1868; Attorney General; 1861; 1862; 1863, thereafter declining re-election; State Senator; 1859, resigning his seat to accept the position of Attorney General; Congressman, State of Maine; 1857; 1858; Speaker of the House; 1858
Lodge :
Waterville Lodge No. 33
Town and State :
Waterville; ME
Lodge Title and Year :
Master; 1856; 1857
Royal Arch Chapter Name and Number :
RoyalArch: General Grand Chapter of the United States
Royal Arch Title and Year :
General Grand High Priest; 1871; 1872; 1873
Royal and Select Masters Council Name and Number :
RoyalAndSelectMaster s: General Grand Council of the United States
Royal and Select Masters Title and Year :
General Grand Master; 1880; 1881; 1882
Knights Templar Commandery Name and Number :
KnightsTemplar; yes
Scottish Rite Degree and Consistory Name :
ScottishRite: 33; 1862; Supreme Council, Northern Jurisdiction
Scottish Rite Title and Year :
Sovereign Grand Commander; 1867; 1868; 1869; 1870; 1871; 1872; 1873; 1874; 1875; 1876; 1877; 1878; (re-election declined in 1879); Lieutenant Grand Commander; 1862; 1863; 1866
Grand Lodge Office and Year :
GrandLodge-Office; Grand Master; 1860; 1861; Deputy Grand Master; 1858; 1859; Chairman of the Committee on Masonic Jurisprudence; Chairman on the Committee of Foreign Correspondence
Affiliated Lodge Name Number Town and State :
Portland Lodge No. 1; Portland; ME
Born :
1827, August 20
Raised :
1849, January
Died :
1902, October 25
Other 1 :
Josiah Hayden Drummond received his education from Vassalboro Academy and Waterville College, graduating with honor in 1846. Working in the law, "he had the reputation not accepting law cases of immoral or seditious nature, [and] oftentimes he gave his services gratuitously....[He] was descended from Revolutionary ancestry, [and] his insignia in the Sons of the American Revolution [was] 6304. He was a member of the New England Historical Society and ...a founder of the Maine society of the Sons of the American Revolution." (Baird, 1923)
Other 2 :
Grand Almoner; Sovereign College of Allied Masonic Degrees for the United States (World, 1901); Provincial Grand Master, Royal Order of Scotland, 1901 (World, 1901);
Other 3 :
The Sovereign College of Allied Masonic Degrees for the United States of the only Masonic body in the world [as of 1901] that confers, in addition to ritual degrees, academic degrees, which it gives 'honoris causa.' Its highest honor of this kind is 'Doctor of Universal Masonry. Only the following Masons possess it [as of 1901]: Prince Demetrius Rhodocanakis, of Greece; the Earl of Euston and William James Hughan, of England; D. Murray Lyon, of Scotland, and Josiah H. Drummond, of Maine." (World, 1901)
Other 4 :
Brother Drummond "has performed, the duty of reviewing the Proceedings of other Grand Lodges...embracing all events of note in the current history of sixty-six of the Masonic Powers (fifty-six of which are in North America), extends to no less than two hundred and seventy-four printed pages. A similar labour has also devolved upon him, continuously from 1866, in the case of the Grand Chapter; from 1865 to 1894 (1865; 1866; 1867; 1868; 1869; 1870; 1871; 1872; 1873; 1874; 1875; 1876; 1877; 1878; 1879; 1880; 1881; 1882; 1883; 1884; 1885; 1886; 1887; 1888; 1889; 1890; 1891; 1892; 1893; 1894) in that of the Grand Council, and for a smaller period...of nine connection with the Grand Commandery...The Review of Royal Arch Masonry presented by Bro. Drummond in 1895, was the one hundredth report which he made to Grand Bodies in Maine." (Baird, 1923)
"In these reports, each of which makes a volume of fair size...questions extending over the whole range of Masonic law, usage, and polity are examined and discussed. The work performed by Past Grand Master Drummond in this field of labour has brought him a world-wide reputation...His annual Reports are extensively quoted, and generally accepted as decisive on points of Masonic Law, throughout the American Continent." (Baird, 1923)
Other 5 :
Brother Drummond's last appearance in Washington, D.C., was in 1891, when he unveiled a monument to Albert Pike. He said the event was one of great joy to him and that he was glad his life had been spared to take part in the dedication of the monument to that great and good Mason. (Baird, 1923)
Quotes 1 :
When 'landmarks' are held to be synonymous with 'fundamental principles', we think it about time to call a halt and consider the meaning of words. A 'landmark' is something set, and an 'ancient landmark' is one which has remained a long time. On the other hand 'fundamental principles' are, like truth, from everlasting to everlasting. Landmarks are of human origin, and 'fundamental principles' are God's law. Belief in God is not a landmark of Freemasonry, it is a divine law; but the law, that only those who believe in God can be made Masons, is a Masonic landmark. The founders of the Institution 'set' that landmark and it has never been removed. If 'landmarks' are anything else than laws of the Craft, either originally expressly adopted or growing out of immemorial usage, the term is a misnomer, and its use ought to cease. the stone did not become a landmark till it was set up as such. The fundamental principle did not become a Masonic landmark till it was 'set up'; there are many stones that are not landmarks; and there are many 'fundamental principles' that are not Masonic landmarks; only those that are 'set up' actually or by adoption are landmarks in either case. Belief in God is an abstract principle; but the necessity for belief in God in order to become or remain a Mason is a law of the Craft so ancient an origin that it has become a landmark." (Drummond, 1955)
Image Source :
Image1: Engraving by S. Hollyer, from unknown book, held in the Charles Looney Engraving Collection; Image 2: Engraving by W.T. Bather, NY, from The Jubilee year of the Supreme Council of Sovereign Grand Inspectors-general of the thirty-third and last degree of the A.A.S.R. of Freemasonry for the Northern Masonic Jurisdiction of the U.S.A., compiled and edited by James Hodge Codding and Robinson Locke by the direction and under the authority of the Supreme Council, Press of the B.F. Wade & Sons Co., Toledo, OH, 1918 [M17.97361 C64]; Image 3: Carte de Visite [P52-73] from the Photograph Collection of the Chancellor Robert R Livingston Masonic Library of Grand Lodge, NY; Image 4; Print, originally printed in an unknown Scottish Rite book, held in the Biography Files of the Chancellor Robert R Livingston Masonic Library of Grand Lodge, NY
References :
Baird, George W., PGM GLDC, Memorials to Great Men Who were Masons - Josiah Hayden Drummond, printed in The Builder, The National Masonic Research Society, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Volume IX, No. 5, May, 1923, pg. 137 and 115;
Drummond, Josiah Hayden, in The Short Talk Bulletin, The Masonic Service Association of the United States, Vol. XXXIII, April, 1955
The World Almanac and Encyclopedia 1901, The Press Publishing Co., New York World, New York, 1901, pg. 325
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Date modified :
Reference URL :
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CONTENTdm file path :
/Biography/image/334 .cpd
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Linking :
Drummond, Josiah H

1827-1902; Josiah Hayden Drummond; Most Worshipful