Media Information

 
 
 
Collection name:
[NY] - Highlights of the Museum Collection
Record:
Title :
C45-102; Certificate, Scottish Rite, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Description :
An extraordinary Scottish Rite certificate that confirms the previously undocumented membership status of Mexican President and General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
Artifact Date and Number :
1825, December 12; C45-102
Accession Date :
1960, November 23
Manufacture Time Period :
MTP4 (1801-1850)
Accession Time Period :
ATP5 (1951-1985)
Special Importance - Details :
SpecialImportance; Scottish Rite membership of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.
Card Number :
1628
Nomenclature Term :
Certificate, membership
Measurements in cm :
L: 51.5 W: 38
Materials :
Vellum; paper; ink; paint (multi-color); fabric; wax
Artifact Scottish Rite Degree and Consistory Name :
ScottishRite: Camara Consistory
Symbols :
Moon; crescent moon; radiant sun; two-headed eagle -s; angel; wing -s; flame from top of head; fire; urn; ladder; sword; three-headed snake; arrow-head tail; crown -s; Passion cross -es; dome; radiant eye; circle -s; six-point star -s; knight -s; Templar cross -es; square shape; feather plume; sword; P; V; 32; staff
Associated Names :
Don Augustine de Iturbide; Vincente Guerrero; Manuel Gomez Pedraza; Anastasio Bustamante; Davie (Davy) Crockett; Samuel Houston; Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga; Winfield Scott; Maximilian I, (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph); Francois Achille Bazaine; James K. Polk
Owner or Subject Name and Title :
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Owner or Subject Lodge Name Number Location and State :
Possibly raised in Arquitecture Moral; Mexico City ; Mexico (Stuart, 1928)
Owner or Subject Scottish Rite Degree and Consistory Name :
ScottishRite: Camara Consistory
Owner or subject Date Born :
1794 or 1795 (Stuart, 1928)
[Note: Most sources list his birth year as 1794, however, this certificate states that he was 29 years old in December of 1825]
Owner or subject Date Raised :
circa 1813 (McLeish, 1918)
Owner or subject Date of Death :
1876
Owner or Subject Other :
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna is remembered in history as a somewhat controversial leader of Mexico. The following biographical sketch is paraphrased from R.. W.. William M. Stuart's book, "Masonic Soldiers of Fortune" with additional Masonic affiliations added where known."Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna helped fellow Freemasons Don Augustine de Iturbide and Vincente Guerrero overthrow Spanish rule of Mexico in 1821. When General Iturbide declared himself an emperor, Santa Anna led the insurrection that drove Iturbide from power. In 1828, Santa Anna fought against the next leader, President Manuel Gomez Pedraza, defeating him and placing General Guerrero in his place. In 1829, Santa Anna defeated the last of the Spanish armies and became very popular with the people of Mexico. He then began an insurrection against Guerrero, until Guerrero was replaced by General Anastasio Bustamante. Shortly thereafter, Santa Anna forced Bustamante to resign in 1832 and placed Pedraza in command.
"In 1833, Santa Anna ran for President and won. At that point, he began activities that earned him the nickname, "The Renegade Mason" as he restored the special privileges of the Clergy and Military, the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic faith as the State Church, censorship of the Press and public speech, limitation of immigration to that from Catholic countries, and the abolishment of the Masonic college at Oaxaca.
Owner or Subject Other 2 :
In 1836, the American colonists of the province of Texas, unhappy with Mexican rule, decided to establish a government of their own. In February of 1836, Santa Anna invaded Texas and attacked San Antonio. The Texan garrison took refuge in the Alamo, where they were eventually all killed, including frontiersman Davie (Davy) Crockett. After the Alamo, Santa Anna led a massacre at Goliad before arriving at San Jacinto on April 21, intending to engage Freemason Samuel Houston's forces the next morning. However, Houston attacked that night and succeeded in routing the Mexican army. Santa Anna was spared, and he and Houston agreed on the independence of Texas.
Santa Anna went home to Mexico, and again won enormous popularity by repulsing an attack of the French fleet at Vera Cruz, losing a leg during the battle. He famously snubbed the Catholic priests by insisting they conduct a formal, Christian burial for his leg, after which Santa Anna erected a monument above the buried leg. In 1841 Santa Anna became Dictator, and in 1844 he was elected President. The following year, General Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga attacked him and banished him from the country. When war with the United States became immanent, Santa Anna convinced Freemason and United States President James K. Polk that if Polk allowed Santa Anna past the United States blockade of Mexico, that Santa Anna would fight for the United States once he got back into Mexico. However, once allowed by Polk to re-enter Mexico in July of 1846, Santa Anna fought for Mexico against the United States. In December of 1846, Santa Anna was made President once more.
Owner or Subject Other 3 :
Santa Anna then led troops against Freemason Winfield Scott but lost numerous battles, first in Vera Cruz, then in Cerro Gordo, followed by the Valley of Mexico and finally in Pueblo, after which Santa Anna left the country in defeat. He lived in Jamaica and Venezuela for a time. In 1853, Santa Anna was recalled by the Mexican people, at which point he returned and elected himself 'President for life' with the title of 'Serene Highness.' Upon this, another revolution against him began. Losing this, he left Mexico again to live in Cuba, then in St. Thomas and then in Venezuela until 1864, when he returned to try to help fight the invasion of the French General Maximilian, who declared himself Emperor of Mexico. However, Santa Anna was forced to leave again by French General Francois Achille Bazaine. In 1867, after the French left, Santa Anna returned to Vera Cruz, where he was imprisoned, released and banished.Santa Anna then lived in Staten Island, NY for a time, before returning to Mexico after the death of Juarez. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna lived the last years of his life in poverty and sickness. (Stuart, 1928)
Donor Name and Title :
Gustavo Ferrer; Worshipful
Donor Lodge Name Number Location and State :
Americus Lodge No. 535; Whitestone; NY
Donor Affiliated Lodge Name Number Location and State :
On February 19, 1986, Americus Lodge No. 535 merged with Harlem Lodge No. 457 to become Liberty Lodge No. 457. On October 10, 1999, Liberty Lodge No. 457 merged into Publicity Lodge No. 1000.
Donor Date Born :
1903, January 1
Donor Date Raised :
1950, December 7
Donor Date of Death :
1997, January 1
Donor Other :
Brother Ferrer was born in Mexico. After becoming a Freemason, he served in the following offices: Master of the Lodge; 1957; Senior Warden; 1956; Junior Warden; 1955; 1973; 1974; Trustee; 1968; 1969; 1970; Senior Deacon; 1978; Chaplain; 1961; 1968; 1982; 1983; 1984 and Chaplain Emeritus; 1972; 1974. He also served on the following Lodge Committees: Visiting; 1955; 1960; Dues; 1960; Masters; 1974; Relief; 1968; 1974.
See Biography Page :
Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna
Details :
A damaged paper certificate attached to a vellum backing. The certificate has painted designs, handwritten text in Spanish and Latin, two woven ribbons, two stamped seals and a red wax seal.
Across the top of the certificate, there are three symbolic elements, each with a short Latin quote above. The symbolic element on the top left is a two-headed eagle, with the body facing forward and wings open on either side. The eagle heads are facing left and right and are sharing a seven-pointed crown. Written in an arc above the eagle in a mostly lower font script is, "Universi terrarum Orbis" [Roughly translated as, "The whole circle of the world"]. To the left of the word "Universi" is a disc with a crescent moon on the right.
Details 2 :
The symbolic element in the top center is the naked figure of a red-headed, male angel who is holding a blue banner above his head. The angel's wings are blue and are open to either side. There is a flame of fire coming from the top of the angel's head. His left foot is down and the right is lifted up behind him, and he is on an angle as if running. There is a fire beneath him with logs of wood under the fire, and there is smoke on either side. Written on the banner in all capital lettering is, "Evolat Ad Immortalitatem" [Roughly translated as, "He flies (or hastens to) Immortality."]
Details 3 :
The design element on the top right is a green urn with a stylized snake handle on either side. The urn is divided in half by a gold band that has a row of dots in the center. Above the gold band, the urn is decorated with a horizontal vine that has reddish-orange leaves painted in pairs, with one above and one below the central vine. The lid has a gold rim and a small, gold dome at the top. The base of the urn is set into an elaborate gold pedestal. Behind the urn is a ladder in a V-shape, with most of the left side of the V obscured by the body of the urn. Close to the top of the ladder on the right of the urn is the handle of a sword, the body of which is thrust through the urn to emerge from the bottom on the left side. The sword enters the urn on the top right at the point of the horizontal vine. The handle of the sword is part of a square or rectangular shape, the lower half of which is obscured by the urn.
Details 4 :
At the bottom of the urn is a three-headed snake, the tail of which is on the right side of the urn and the heads of which are on the left side. Each head is wearing a crown, two of which are surmounted by a Passion cross. The two crowns with crosses are of different shapes, with the snake head in the center wearing a crown with a dome, and the snake head above wearing a flattened, gathered cap-type of crown. The snake head closest to the certificate's text is wearing a crown without a cross that is a traditional crown with five spires. The central head is facing to the left and the other two heads are turned back toward the right. The tail ends with an arrow-point shape pointing to the right. Written above in a mostly lower case font is, "Architectoris Gloria ab ingentis" [Roughly translated as, "You build Glory from something massive/enormous, [or] There is glory from building something massive/enormous."]
Details 5 :
To the right of the urn element is a seal, stamped in black ink, with illegible text in a circle around the central portion. Within the central portion of the seal is a two-headed eagle holding a sword with the point to the right. Above the eagle is a radiant eye. Surrounding the circle of text is a circle filled with six-pointed stars. Beneath the urn, to the right of the text, is a design element showing a Knight wearing a white cape that reaches the ground behind him. On the left shoulder is a purple Templar cross. Beneath the cape he is wearing a white, knee-length tunic. His left hand is grasping the handle of a sword which he is holding vertically in front of his body. The sword has a belt, and above the sword is another piece of trapping that has a gold square shape. His right hand is holding a gold staff which is surmounted by a black Templar cross. There are gold bars connecting the ends of each of the legs of the cross. The Knight is wearing a white, gathered hat with a red and pink feather plume on the front. He is also wearing armor on his legs, and there is a spur visible on his right ankle. He is standing on a piece of ground with small plants.
Details 6 :
To the right of his head, directly below the other seal is another seal, also stamped in black ink. This seal has text written in a circle around the central portion. The text reads in part as follows, "Sov.. Gran Cons--- de G.." In the central portion of the seal is another two-headed eagle, also gripping a sword with the point at the right. There is a shield shape on the body of the eagle that has the number 32 written on it. Written on the wing on the left is, "P.." and on the right, as best can be deciphered, is, "V.." There is radiance above the eagle's heads, but it is not clear whether there was once a radiant eye in the center of the radiance. Beneath the seal, there is a black silk ribbon woven through the certificate. Beneath the ribbon is a red, wax seal with an eight-pointed piece of paper underneath it.
Details 7 :
As best as can be determined, the text reads as follows:
[Note: Words for which the transcription is uncertain are placed in parentheses. Triangles made of three dots that follow the beginning letters of words are represented by two dots. Illegible or missing text is indicated by dashes, as ---.]
"Lux ex tenebris [Light out of Darkness]
"---ito rial Yucateco {rite escoses de Francos masones antigues y aceptados} establecido al O-te del (Paracleto)
"---S ob.. y Val.. Principes del (F-l) Sec.., Cab.. Kadosch, (Yl..).. Princ.. y Cab.. (Goes...) Ynefables, Sublimes y perfectos
"----ta dos de todos gg.. antiguos y modernos sobre... dos Emisferios [emisserios]. A todos los q-e las presentes vieren,
Details 8 :
Salud Estabilidad Poder.
---los abajo firmados YY.. Sob... y Val--- Princ.. de---[debida? decida?] y levitimam-te constituidos en Sob.. G.. Cons.. de g.. 32. g-l he-
"---debidam-t e examinado a ntro [nuestro] M.. H.. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, nacido en Jalapa Estado de Verac-z de edad 29 an---[anos] n
"---diferentes gr..s que legitimamente ha recibido, y (asu) pedimento especial.
"Certif icamos, reconocemos y proclamamos a ntro [nuestro] M.. H.. Lopez de Sta. Anna Antonio M.. Exp.. y pasa M.. de LL.. sim---
"---cas, e (Il).. Sec.., M.. Perf.., Sec.. intim.. (Prevost) y Juez, Int.. de Edif.. M.. Eleg.., de los 15., Sob.. Cab.. Eleg.. G.. M..' Arquitecto, (F-l) Arco, G.."---Perf.. y Sub.. Mason.
Details 9 :
Certificamos ademas, (q es) Cab.. de Or.., o dela (espad..) Pontif.. de Jerusal.. Cab.. de Or.. y Occid..-te, Cab.. del (Arisla) y (S..V..H..) [there is a cross is drawn after this line.]
--- Heredon, Gr.. Pontif.. M.. ad vitam, (Patrianca) (Voachicta) o Cab.. Prusiano, Principe del Libano, (Gefe) del (Fabern..-o), Cab.. de la"Serp.. de (Fronce), Princ.. de Mercy G.. Com..-or (dell) Templo, G.. (Escos) de S. Andres, Cab.. del Sob.. o Principe acepto, Cab.. de K.. H.. del
"Aguila Blanca y (neora), Sob.. G.. Inq-or, Com-or y Sub.. y (T..P..) del --- Sec.., miembro del Sob.. G.. Consis.. Ferrit.. Yucateco.
Details 10 :
Autorizamos y damos poder a ntro. [nuestro] sobredicho H.. Antonio Lopez de Santa Ana [sic] de inspeccionar todas las LL.. Cap..-s
Coleg.. del orden Real y Militar de la antiqua y moderna Franc.. ---tas-a sobe los (dos) Emisferios [Emisserios] conforme a ntras [nuestras] g..-des Constitucion-s."y a los Reglamentos partic-s de este Consist..
Details 11 :
En consecuencia ordena a todos y a cada uno de --- (HH..) Princ.. Cab.. y Sub.. Mas.. de acoger y reconocer
a nrto [nuestro] Ill.. H.. Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna en sus (diferes) ---- 32. del la (Illas..-a) detratarlo y favorecento entodos susem-
"penos, prometiendo (tener) (la ---a consid---io) con los que se (---enten) con (--los) tan autenticos como este
"--- las ---- Nos tos --- ba--mad--- Sob.. ----Ne varietur. Dado en ntra [nuestra] Camara Consist.-y cerca de
"---- --eda celeste--- a nrto [nuestro] ---bred ---- 12. de Diciembre 1825."(T..F..) Contemencia R..
"2.. G.. F.. C..
"(B L..)"
Details 12 :
The symbols painted on the left side of the certificate are mostly gone, but the legs of another Knight can be seen. This Knight is also wearing a white robe, a white tunic that ends mid-thigh, and armored legging and shoes. He is standing with his heels together and toes out, creating a "V" shape. He is holding a gold staff or hook.
At the far left, next to the painting of the legs of the Knight, is a black and red ribbon that is woven through the vellum. Beneath the ribbon, written vertically, is, "Ne v---" [Ne varietur].
There are remnants of a black fabric ribbon border that was used to hold the certificate to the vellum.
Previous Number :
G705
References :
McLeish, John L., Highlights of the Mexican Revolution, Menace Publishing Co., Ohio, 1918;
Stuart, William M., R..W.. "Masonic Soldiers of Fortune" Macoy Publishing and Masonic Supply Company, New York, 1928, pg. 257
Walter, Henry, consulted for translation of Latin phrases
Photography Information :
Camera: Canon Digital Rebel EOS; Lighting: Eiko Supreme Photoflood ECA 120 volt; Editing: Adobe Photoshop; Rule: 1 centimeter black white ruler; Photographer: Catherine M. Walter; Image, Data and Research: Courtesy of the Chancellor Robert R Livingston Masonic Library of Grand Lodge, New York
Date created :
8/26/08
Date modified :
9/27/12
Filename :
203.jpg

C45-102; Certificate, Scottish Rite, Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna